Environmental Stewardship for Homeowners

If you drink water, it comes from a well or spring (groundwater sources) or a river or lake (surface water sources). Drinking water in North Carolina is generally safe, but it can become polluted if we are not careful and it's not just drinking water. All water sources need to be protected. Many of the things we do in our homes and on our farms can pollute our water and the environment. Poorly maintained or designed septic systems and stormwater runoff from our homes and animal waste systems can pollute surface and groundwater. Pesticides, fertilizers, fuels, and cleaning products can contaminate our water when they are not stored and handled properly.

It is nearly impossible to get pollutants out of water once they get there. Expensive treatments, closures of bodies of water, or new wells would be required to get safe drinking water again. Clearly, it is much more effective to keep pollutants out of water than to try to clean it up afterward.

People who have their own wells or springs for drinking water need to be especially aware of pollution sources because their water is not tested for contaminants as is city water. This is called wellhead protection and involves careful attention to the activities near your well to be sure the water remains safe. However, everyone is responsible for protecting drinking water supplies, whether it is their own or their neighbors'.

The North Carolina Home*A*Syst/Farm*A*Syst/Coast*A*Syst programs have a series of publications that can help you be a good environmental steward and also protect the health and well-being of your family. These publications lead you through an evaluation of your home and property to determine pollution and health risks. If there is a problem or a potential problem, the Home*A*Syst/Farm*A*Syst/Coast*A*Syst publications have information about how to solve the problems. The publications also list the North Carolina state agencies responsible for helping you solve your particular problem.

The goal of the North Carolina Home*A*Syst/Farm*A*Syst/Coast*A*Syst program is to help protect the health of you and your family and the environment of North Carolina.

Well treatment information when well has been flooded.
Purify Poster
Shock Chlorination Correction Table
Shock Chlorination Procedure



North Carolina Home*A*Syst 

An additional publication was developed by the National Home *A* Syst program and has been modified for conditions in North Carolina:


Thirteen publications are now available in Spanish. They include:

  • Household Hazardous Waste: Steps to Safe Management
  • Consumer's Handbook for Reducing Solid Waste
  • Collecting Used Oil for Recycling/Reuse: Tips for Consumers
  • Managing Used Oil: Advice for Small Business
  • Understanding Hazardous Waste Rules: A Handbook for Small Business
  • RCRA, Superfund and EPRCA Hotline

Most of these publications are available in electronic format. You can order paper copies in Spanish or English by calling the RCRA Hotline at 1-800-424-9346.


If you have completed the Home Assessment System (Home *A* Syst) program it is important for our office to be aware of the effect the program has had on you. To give us an ideas as to how we can improve we would like for you to print and fill out this short l0-question survey.


Additional information on stormwater management can be found at the Stormwater Resources webpage: http://www.bae.ncsu.edu/stormwater.
Real estate professionals, homeowners, and elected officials can learn more about stormwater best management practices that can be implemented to reduce pollutants entering water sources through stormwater runoff.
Distributed in furtherance of the Acts of Congress of May 8 and June 30, 1914. Employment and program opportunities are offered to all people regardless of race, color, national origin, sex, age, or disability. North Carolina State University, North Carolina A&T State University, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and local governments cooperating.

Move directly to the North Carolina Farm*A*Syst Home Page or the North Carolina Coast*A*Syst Home Page

Last Modified: 08/10/04

Contact: The Program Coordinator