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Table of contents

Chapter 2: System Components and Operation - Type B

Animal Waste Management Systems

Animal Waste Management Systems - Type B

Slide 4

Handling Alternatives for Animal Waste from a Type B Waste Management System

Collection and Transfer Barnyard Runoff and Milking Center Wastewater - must be collected and delivered to a storage or treatment area.

Collection and Transfer Barn and Lot Management:

Slide 8

Collection and Transfer Parlor Wastewater:

Collection and Transfer Silage Leachate:

Collection and Transfer Silage Leachate - should be handled in the same manner as runoff from an open feedlot or parlor washwater.

Collection and Transfer Flush Systems:

Slide 13

Collection and Transfer Flush Systems - lanes should be perfectly level from side to side with the surface grooved lengthwise or in a diamond-shaped pattern, but never sideways.

Collection and Transfer Collection:

Collection and Transfer Pipes:

Collection and Transfer Factors considered when designing pipes:

Collection and Transfer Factors considered when designing pipes include:

Pipes Pipes should be located where they will not cause problems such as erosion of the lagoon sidewall.

PowerPoint Presentation

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Pipes Frequent inspections of the piping system cannot be overemphasized.

Storage and Treatment Systems Dry Stack Systems:

Storage and Treatment Systems Dry Stack Systems - liquids from dry stack storage areas need to be collected and managed in a wastewater storage area.

Storage and Treatment Systems Dry Stack Systems - covering storage areas with a roof prevents rainwater from mixing with the stored manure.

Storage and Treatment Systems Liquid-Manure Systems:

Slide 29

Liners

Slide 31

Storage and Treatment Systems Slurry Storage Ponds and Basins:

Slide 33

Slide 34

Waste Storage Pond Schematic

Storage and Treatment Systems Capacity of Slurry Storage Ponds and Basins:

Storage and Treatment Systems Agitation of Slurry Storage Ponds and Basins:

Slide 38

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Storage and Treatment Systems Lagoon Systems:

Storage and Treatment Systems Undersized Lagoon Systems:

Anaerobic Lagoon Schematic

Capacity of an Anaerobic Lagoon

Slide 44

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Liquid Level Gauging Device

Lagoon Operation Startup:

Slide 49

Lagoon Operation Loading:

Slide 51

Lagoon Operation Management:

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Lagoon Operation Lagoon Closure:

Lagoon Operation Sludge Removal:

Slide 58

Lagoon Operation Sludge Removal Techniques:

Slide 60

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Lagoon Operation Crystal Buildup in Recycle Lines:

Slide 64

Storage and Treatment Systems Maintenance:

Slide 66

Storage and Treatment Systems Maintenance - the vegetative cover on the dam should be well maintained.

Slide 68

Storage and Treatment Systems Weekly Maintenance Inspections:

Slide 70

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Storage and Treatment Systems Weekly Maintenance Inspections:

Slide 73

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Storage and Treatment Systems Possible Causes of Storage Structure Failures:

Slide 76

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Innovative and New Management Practices

Innovative and New Management Practices Solids Separation:

Slide 80

Innovative and New Management Practices Mechanical Solids Separation:

Innovative and New Management Practices Mechanical Solids Separation:

Innovative and New Management Practices Mechanical Solids Separation - sump:

Slide 84

Innovative and New Management Practices Gravity Solids Separation:

Innovative and New Management Practices Gravity Solids Separation:

Slide 87

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Innovative and New Management Practices Composting:

Innovative and New Management Practices Composting may be a less expensive waste reduction process than alternative storage and treatment methods.

Innovative and New Management Practices Aerobic Treatment:

Innovative and New Management Practices A major limitation for mechanically aerated lagoons is the expense of continually operating electrically powered aerators.

Innovative and New Management Practices Multistage Lagoons:

Slide 95

Innovative and New Management Practices Biogas (Methane) Recovery and Use:

Innovative and New Management Practices Biogas (Methane) Recovery System:

Innovative and New Management Practices Odor Control Products:

Slide 99

Transport and Utilization Manure Spreaders:

Slide 101

Transport and Utilization Loading Manure Spreaders:

Transport and Utilization Calibrating Manure Spreaders:

Irrigation System Design:

Irrigation System A typical layout for a permanent-stationary irrigation system:

Irrigation System Stationary Sprinklers:

Irrigation System Stationary Sprinklers in Hayland:

Irrigation System A typical layout for a traveling gun irrigation system:

Slide 109

Irrigation System Hose-Drag Traveler:

Slide 111

Irrigation System Big Gun Nozzles:

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Irrigation System Traveling System:

Irrigation System Pumps:

Irrigation System Slurries:

Slide 118

Irrigation System Operation:

Pasture Management Heavy-Use Areas:

Slide 121

Pasture Management Heavy-Use Areas - under no circumstances should these lots have an unfenced stream or wet area within their boundary.

Pasture Management Rotational Grassed Loafing Lots:

Pasture Management Grazing and Cattle Watering Systems:

Slide 125

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Author: Soil Science

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