Type A Manual

Purpose

Acknowledgments

Notes About This Manual

How to Use This Manual

Certification Process

Technical Assistance

Needs-To-Know

Common Abbreviations, Conversion Factors, and Important Equations

Table of Contents

Purpose

A proper waste management plan and waste application system are vital parts of a modern confined animal operation. If the waste from your animal operation is not properly managed, it can have many negative impacts on your overall farming operation as well as your community. The negative consequences of a poorly managed waste application system can cost in terms of dollars, loss of land values, impaired environmental quality, and loss of good standing in the community.

The North Carolina General Assembly passed legislation in 1995 and 1996 requiring certification of operators of animal waste management systems. The law requires a certified operator for animal waste management systems that serve over 250 swine, 100 confined cattle, 75 horses, 1000 sheep, or 30,000 poultry with a liquid animal waste management system. To become a certified operator, one must complete an approved training course on the operation of animal waste management systems, pass an appropriate examination, and pay the required fees. This training program is designed to provide operators of animal waste management systems the basic understanding needed to operate and maintain these systems in an efficient and environmentally sound manner. This manual is not intended to provide all of the technical details for the complete design of a waste management system or an approved animal waste management plan. There are many good reference materials that have been published on these subjects that can provide more detailed information if desired. Many of those materials will be referenced to in this manual for basic information. You are encouraged to make use of all appropriate materials in the operation of your animal waste management system.

 

Acknowledgements

This program is administered by the Water Pollution Control System Operators Certification Commission in conjunction with the North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources and with the North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service.

This manual is a combination of guidance and reference materials gathered from various sources in conjunction with input and expertise from individuals with the following organizations:

 

Notes About This Manual

This manual has been written based on the current laws, rules, and technical guidance available at the time. It is possible, indeed likely, that there will be changes in the laws and technical guidance that apply to animal waste management. You should keep yourself aware of these changes. The organizations and government agencies that are involved in animal waste management will make efforts to inform the individuals who own and operate animal waste management systems of these changes as they occur. However, you are ultimately responsible to ensure that you are operating in compliance with current laws and rules. If you have questions, you should contact the appropriate resource people listed in Appendix A for questions concerning these changes.

 

How to Use This Manual

This manual is designed for individuals involved in animal production and the waste management systems that are associated with these operations. Therefore, it is assumed that the reader is at least generally familiar with the components of a waste management system and other basic farming practices.

There are two types of certification for animal waste management system operators: titled Type A and Type B. Type A is for systems that handle liquid, low fiber wastes (such as swine) and Type B is for systems that have high fiber wastes (such as cattle). A separate manual has been developed for each classification of operator. Your instructor will provide the appropriate manual for your training. Upon completion of the training and passing the appropriate examination, you will be eligible for the particular certification type for your interest. In order to be able to operate both types of systems, you must complete each class and pass each appropriate examination.

The following section is the Needs-To-Know document. It lists the abilities and skills that you, as an operator of an animal waste management system, should have in order to properly manage the waste management system on your farm. By clicking on the at the end of each needs-to-know item you will be linked to the section that gives you the information needed to answer that item.

Also, as you proceed through each chapter, you will be alerted with an italicized note in a box in the center of the page when you enter a section that gives you the information needed to answer a Needs-To-Know item.

At the completion of each chapter there will be review questions. These are used to emphasize important points and to generate discussion among the course participants. Your instructor may use these questions to review the material presented and to prepare you for the examination.

The focus of the training will be on the eight chapters presented. These chapters explain waste system components, waste utilization plans, proper waste application, regulations, record keeping, safety and emergency action plans, and consequences of improper management.

Following these chapters are several appendices. They are used to provide information which is relevant and important to your operation, but does not directly deal with the land application of waste and the rules involved. There are some example questions which may help in your review process of the course materials.

 

Certification Process

To become certified to operate a Type A or Type B animal waste management system, you must first successfully complete the approved training program. Second, you must submit an application to the Water Pollution Control System Operators Certification Commission with the appropriate fee attached. Third, you must pass an examination administered by the Water Pollution Control System Operators Certification Commission with a score of 70 percent.

For more information on the certification process and duties of the owner and operator in charge, see Chapter 8. The examination dates and locations will be announced during the training programs.

 

Technical Assistance

This manual provides thorough explanations and calculations that will allow you to operate an animal waste management system under normal circumstances. However, there is a tremendous amount of technical assistance available for the planning, design, operation, and reporting that are all involved with animal waste management. This manual references those sources of technical assistance, and you are encouraged to utilize these resources.

The manual will also refer to an individual called a "technical specialist." A technical specialist has expertise in one or more components of waste management and is certified as such by the North Carolina Division of Soil and Water Conservation. A technical specialist is the only individual who may legally sign the form that completes an approved animal waste management plan. To develop a waste management plan or have one modified, you must have approval from a technical specialist. Not all individuals referenced in Appendix A are technical specialists, but they are still available to offer guidance in waste management issues.

 


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